Level Grammar Speaking and listening skills
Beginner 1 Alphabet, adjectives of nationality, indicative present tense for regular verbs (first, second and third person singular); Personal subject pronouns, auxiliary verbs (essere and avere: to be and to have); Nouns of the first group (ending in “o” or “a”) and of the second group (ending in “e”), numbers, definite and indefinite articles; Simple prepositions, formal and informal communication. The student learns how to: greet people; introduce himself; ask about nationalities; ask for the pronunciation and spelling of a word; ask and tell telephone numbers; indicate numbers from 0 to 100; order in a restaurant (enquiring about prices and for the check); introduce someone, ask and give personal details, talk about his work and how to speak formally.
Beginner 2 Indicative present tense for regular verbs and for the irregular verbs fare, andare, venire, stare, dare, uscire and dire (to do, to go, to come, to stay/remain, to give, to exit/go out and to say); The verbs piacere (to like) sapere and conoscere (to know); Adverbs of frequency, adjectives of the first and second group, months and ordinal numbers, modal verbs and compound prepositions. The student learns how to: talk about leisure time; express personal taste and preferences; describe frequency of actions; ask and tell time; ask and give directions; book a hotel room; complain and offer a solution; describe a place; agree or disagree on something; provide timetable information.
Beginner 3 Passato prossimo (past participle) of regular verbs, irregular past participles, adverbs of time (gia’, appena, non ancora); Possessive adjectives with words denoting family, reflexive pronouns; Indicative present tense and past participles of reflexive verbs. The student learns how to: plan a trip, ask information in a travel agency; talk about holidays and traditions; discuss the weather; talk about working hours and describe a typical day; identify family relationships and describe family members.
Beginner 4 Direct and indirect object pronouns; Pronominal particle ne (of it), partitive use of the preposition di + article; Imperfetto (indicative imperfect tense), when to use the imperfetto compared to the passato prossimo; Condizionale presente (conditional present tense). The student learns how to: describe food and eating habits; shop for clothes; buy grocery; make polite requests; escribe people and objects; describe past situations and events; talk about habitual activities in the past; express desires, hopes, possibilities and surprise.
Beginner 5 Passato prossimo of the verbs cominciare and finire (to begin and to finish); Present progressive of the verb stare (stare + gerundio); Direct, indirect and reflexive pronouns with modal verbs; Comparatives and superlatives. The student learns how to: make invitations; accept or refuse invitations; organize leisure activities; make social arrangements; express dislikes, annoyances and wishes; give a physical description of someone; make comparisons.
Intermediate 1 Passato prossimo of the verbs volere, dovere and potere (to want, can and must); Imperfect indicative tense and comparison with passato prossimo; Indicative simple future, hypothetical clause with the indicative tense; The verbs bastare (to be sufficient) and servire (to be useful); Informal imperative tense. The student learns how to: speak about future projects, make hypothetical sentences; approve or disapprove of opinions; write a CV; ask for and provide advice; talk about actions that will happen in the future.
Intermediate 2 Formal imperative tense; combined pronouns (indirect + direct), relative pronouns che and cui (who, which); comparative and superlative adjectives; conditional past tense and simple past; trapassato prossimo (indicative pluperfect tense). The student learns how to: give instructions and provide advice in a formal situation; make comparisons; tell past experiences; how to complain and apologize; talk about the past and about unrealized plans.
Intermediate 3 Subjunctive present tense introduced by credere, pensare, sperare; subjunctive past tense; indefinite adjectives and pronouns; subjunctive imperfect and pluperfect tense; casual conjunctions (perche’, poiche’, dato che). The student learns how to: describe personal opinions; express mood; express facts using factual or counterfactual clauses; engage into more complex conversations; how to discuss and identify objectives.
Intermediate 4 Adverbs, connettivi (magari, allora, cosi’, pero’); Other uses of the relative pronoun cui; Periodo ipotetico della realta’, first group of hypothetical clause; Periodo ipotetico della possibilita’, second group of hypothetical clause; Periodo ipotetico dell’irrealta’, third group of hypothetical clause. The student learns how to: make forecasts; engage in a debate; talk about uncertain events and news; express desires and unrealizable hypothesis; describe cultural traditions.
Intermediate 5 Use of the subjunctive in relation to the conditional; relative pronoun chi; si impersonal; passive form of the verb andare (to go); gerund and infinitives rules. The student learns how to: complain, protest and justify; express doubts or assumptions; summarize projects; describe a place and recap a trip.
Advanced 1 The student learns how to: understand a wide range of demanding texts and recognise implicit meaning; express himself fluently and spontaneously, using language effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
Advanced 2 The student learns how to: produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects; understand virtually everything heard or read; study texts and analyse complex structures.
Advanced 3 The student can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Writing reports on technical and literary listenings.
Advanced 4 The student learns how to: discuss various topics very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations; make a comparative analysis of written and spoken expressions in order to master them.
Advanced 5 Having completed all the previous progressive courses, this final class offers a level especially for advanced students who want to keep up their Italian focusing on contemporary culture rather than specific studies of grammar, exploring the language through literature, films, art, the press and more.
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